We're on their trail, and we've got many fresh leads to chase down — please support our work. Despite huge strides made during socialism, the position of women in work and social life in Bosnia has taken a huge step back since independence. She grew up in the era of Yugoslav socialism, in a time where women were flooding the labour market and universities for the first time. In Bosnia, the gender wage gap has actually regressed significantly during transition. On second glance, though, there is vast evidence that the gender wage gap is not correlated with transition. Rather, post-communist countries have experienced widely varying effects on the gender wage gap since the end of communism.
Old woman from Bosnia and Herzegovina wearing traditional clothes
Women in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Wikipedia
Twenty years ago this month, war broke out in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the main act in the dissolution of Yugoslavia. When this bloodiest conflict on European soil since World War II ended in , the toll was staggering: two million displaced, , dead, and an estimated 20, women systematically raped, though the real number will never be unveiled from under the heavy stigma. In the aftermath, within national and religious boundaries, the habits of community, tolerance, and respect for difference have been dormant. Deprived of diverse identity and overwhelmed by isolation, fear, and poverty, we are enclosed into groups of Serbs, Croats, and Bosniaks. Today, Bosnians remain cautious about the fragile political situation in the country. As with all armed conflicts throughout history, women were disproportionally affected by the war: as civilian victims and as impoverished survivors.
Women in Bosnia and Herzegovina
A thirty-six year old woman from Sarajevo, who has two children from her first marriage, told BIRN about how she married an Arab, to become his second wife. She says her new husband, who is 51, originally came to Bosnia for business, to open a small company in Sarajevo. They met, the woman recalls, when he came to her place of work. She says they joked and she noticed him looking at her. After a while, a mutual friend who is already married to an Arab introduced them.
According to International Fund for Agricultural Development IFAD , women of Bosnia and Herzegovina have been affected by three types of transition after the Bosnian War : the "transition from war to peace", economic transition, and political transition. Bosnia and Herzegovina declared sovereignty in and independence from the former SFR Yugoslavia in Today Bosnia and Herzegovina is a multi-ethnic and multi-religious society - the population consists of: Bosniaks Guided by the constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the country's Gender Equality Law of was passed to promote and advance the equality between men and women. Laws related to elections, as well as other laws, were amended to be in line with the constitution.